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Nowadays, we use email to communicate because our daily lives are too busy to take the time to telephone or meet each other face-to-face (Imagine if you had to meet all of the people you email in one day, whether in person or via Skype!). Many internet businesses such as ours do not have an office where a secretary or clerk ushers you in and provides you with tea or coffee. We would have to charge clients much more than we do as resume drafters to account for the amount of time spent meeting and interviewing in person. Therefore, we try to keep our expenses low by emailing back and forth with our clients. We also "interview" or get to know our clients via email because we believe people think more conceptually when they have to write, which helps us in the resume-drafting process.
Emails are the new "telephone." The way you write is the way you're "heard." There are hundreds of different types of email personalities, but in the working world, I would say that there are three types, each of which sheds insight into his or her likelihood of communicating successfully in the working world.
1. The monosyllabic writer.
This person uses emails like texting and keeps the answers to a bare minimum. S/he doesn't type out words like, "you," "thanks," and the like, instead opting for "u" and "tx." This person may be young, but also naive. Those abbreviations may work in text messages, but not in emails. In this case, the writer is showing that "s/he's too busy to write," or too distracted to concentrate. The downside of this approach to emails is that the writer, many times, doesn't know the identity of the person to whom s/he is communicating, and such a cavalier way of expressing oneself in an email could be seen as a negative.
2. The void-filling writer
This person can't concentrate. S/he can't keep a coherent thought. Instead of answering a question directly, s/he dances around an issue, never alighting anywhere near what can be interpreted as an adequate response. Perhaps this is a person who wants to be a writer, or someone who thinks s/he's being witty. But it's not usually the case. My guess is that the person doesn't know the answer sought, or cannot articulate his or her thoughts in a coherent way. This type of short writing is very annoying, and is a barometer of how likely one will be perceived in the job interview.
3. Just the facts writer
You knew where this was going, right? The optimum email correspondent writes emails in a clear manner, giving the reader the information s/he needs to know. His or her punctuation is fine and the answers show an ability to express oneself clearly. This email correspondent knows that time is of the essence and that the reader probably doesn't have lots of it, so conveying ones thoughts are essential to being understood. S/he needn't sound too formal, although sounding friendly helps.
Mind you, if you know your audience it makes it much easier to take shortcuts. However, emails are not texts, so if you have to use email to convey information, do so in as practical a manner as possible. Try to keep a level of professionalism in your emails, showing that you are an asset, an aider and abettor, helping the reader by providing the information s/he needs to get things done. You'll be rewarded for taking that extra effort to be direct, friendly, and economical in your response.
Emails can make the difference in how someone perceives you. If I'm truly in a hurry, I'll apologize in advance by asking the reader to "excuse my tone," because writing quick email messages can give a different impression than is intended. When conveying information to a prospective employer, take the time to communicate "correctly" and succinctly. Your efforts will be noticed, giving the reader a favorable impression of you as a person.